GeoMeast 2018
Sustainable Civil Infrastructures: Structural Integrity November 24-28, 2018, Cairo, Egypt ...

SPIE 2018
SPIE Remote Sensing Europe, Berlin, Germany, 10-13 September 2018 ...

IGARSS 2018
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Valencia, Spain, 23-27 July ...

EUSAR 2018
12th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, Aachen, Germania, 04-07 June ...

EGU 2018
European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 8-13 April 2018 ...

IGRS 2018
6th International Geo-hazards Research Symposium, Dresden, Germany, 4-9 March 2018 ...

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Products Meteorological services Forest Fire Risk Maps

Forest fires can be considered one of the main cause of environment degradation, contributing on a large scale to planetary changes (climate, etc..).

The risk may be thought as the union of two components: the fuel with its susceptibility to fire (fire hazard), and all external factors (natural and anthropogenic) influencing the outbreak (fire ignition). The risk analysis allows to define an index expressed by a mathematics that binds these different factors. The static risk results strongly dependent on factors which are constant or which are varying very slowly with time, such as morphological factors (exposition, inclination), environmental static factors (soil use and vegetation coverage) and human factors (urban areas extension, road network, restoring activity centres, fire recurrence during the past five years at least). Moreover, on the short time, fire risk (particularly fire start and development) results strictly related to different factors such as vegetation factors (types and density, maintenance management rules), orographic factors (altitude, sides exposition and inclination, insulation), meteorological factors (air temperature, air humidity, wind velocity and direction, last ten days cumulated rain). These last are particularly related to fire start and development. The knowledge in advance of meteorological factors can be extremely useful in forecasting fire hazard.

GAP can produce both static fire risk maps and dynamic fire hazard maps by using forecasting meteorological fields and devotes its attention to dynamic and atmospheric aspects of fire risk. The resulting maps can be a very helpful tool both in forest/agricultural management and in Civil Protection planning to prevent related disasters.



Static Fire Risk Map





Fire Weather Index



 


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